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1. What is the Bond Steering Committee?

A group of community members that have come together to evaluate the district’s projected growth and other aging and evolving facility needs in order to provide recommendations to the Killeen ISD Board of Trustees.


2. Why did Killeen ISD form the Bond Steering Committee?

The district wants input in evaluating its facility needs and by forming a Committee it allows the district to hear from and incorporate many different perspectives from people in the Killeen ISD community. Committee participants reflect larger community values, needs, and desires.


3. Who’s on the committee?

The Bond Steering Committee represents residents and taxpayers of Killeen ISD, including parents, non-parents, local civic, business, and church leaders, as well as school staff. These committee members work alongside one another to prioritize and build a recommendation to the Board of Trustees that best represents the values and perceptions of the entire community.


4. What documents and data does the committee review
to determine the needs of the school district?

The Committee will study findings from a district-wide facilities assessment, district capacity and enrollment projections, financial data, bonding scenarios and tax rate analysis, building needs, potential solutions and cost analysis, and results of a community survey in order to form their recommendation. Killeen ISD will make any other relevant data or requested data available to the committee that should aid them in their decision-making.



Meeting One Questions


Please provide current enrollment numbers and capacity per campus.

See chart provided here:


Please provide a breakdown of portable classroom usage.

See chart provided here:


Would it be possible to consolidate East Ward and West Ward Elementary?

Yes, combining East Ward and West Ward into one campus could certainly be a solution. The role of this committee is to study potential solutions to our growth and our oldest campuses and determine the best course of action. The administrative team can study this as an option. These two campuses are some of our oldest campuses as well as some of our smallest. There would be some efficiencies gained to combine them into one new, larger campus.


What is the capacity of our newest campuses? Do they have any portables?

Our newest elementary schools are built for a capacity of 1,050 students and our newest middle school is built for a capacity of 1,250 students. No, our newest campuses do not have any portable buildings.


What is the cost to set up and move into a portable building?

The total cost to move and set up each portable building is approximately $10,000. This includes transporting the portable, any cleaning and repairing required, and installing infrastructure like entry ramps and data cabling.


How do we fund technology and is there a larger cost
for our older facilities?

Technology for new construction is included in a turnkey Furniture, Fixtures and Equipment (FFE) budget part of the guaranteed maximum price (GMP) of the building. Technology for our existing campuses is on a lifecycle replacement schedule. The only additional costs for our older campuses are times when additional infrastructure or a more complex installation process is required due to the older construction.


Has the district considered adding an intermediate grade level,
for grades 4 and 5 for example?

This is not a consideration from an administrative perspective at this time mainly due to building capacity. With the district’s current facilities and student enrollment, the district wouldn’t gain any capacity or efficiencies by making this realignment. In addition, research shows a correlation between fewer school transitions and better student, staff and parent relationships, resulting in a positive increase in student achievement. Our current alignment also aligns with Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) and other curriculum practices.


When will the current bond debt retire?

The current debt service will retire in 2028.


What interest rate is the current bond at?

The district has refunded bonds to reduce taxpayer burden when refunding is available.  Due to the refunding’s, we have legally defeased the 2002 bond payments, but owe debt service on the refunding bond issues.  The interest rate on the refunding bonds range from 2% to 5%.


What is the anticipated interest rate of a potential bond?

In developing potential bonding scenarios for planning purposes, we are assuming an interest rate of 4.74%, which is 1.00% above current market rates.


Where will the following schools be built?

ES #35

Elementary School #35 will be built in the southern portion of
White Rock Estates, west of Rosewood Dr., on Morganite Ln.

MS #14

Middle School #14 will be built on Warriors Path in Harker Heights.

HS #6

The district currently owns 67.50 acres on Chaparral Rd.,
west of E Trimmier Rd., which is planned to be the site for
High School #6, pending decisions from the Bond Steering Committee.

ES #36

The district has not yet identified a property, district-owned
or otherwise, to be used for Elementary School #36.


What is the cost of renovation versus building new?

This is being analyzed and will be brought to the committee in a future meeting.


What is the cost to demo and rebuild?
Are the campuses where they need to be?

This is being analyzed and will be brought to the committee in a future meeting.


Is it possible to acquire extra land (2 adjacent empty lots) for HHES? Students have no sports fields.

Our standard for elementary school properties is to have a concrete or asphalt play area, preschool/kindergarten playground and 1st through 5th grade playground.  We also provide indoor PE facilities at all elementary schools.  While some schools that are located on larger properties do have additional recreation fields, there are many KISD facilities, both new and older, which do not.


What is our maintenance costs on portable buildings?

For fiscal year 2017, the district spent $457,909 on portable building relocations and maintenance. These costs include the cost to relocate buildings, install electrical service, sidewalks, flooring, fire alarms and technology, as well as general maintenance repairs and KISD maintenance personnel hourly rates. For fiscal year 2016, the district spent $626,500 on portable building relocations and maintenance.


How much does the district spend on maintenance at East Ward and West Ward Elementary?

In Fiscal Year 2016 the district spent $32,882.12 on maintenance at West Ward ES. In Fiscal Year 2017, the district spent $21,011.02 on maintenance at West Ward ES. In Fiscal Year 2016 the district spent $31,491.05 on maintenance at East Ward ES. In Fiscal Year 2017, the district spent $27,574.14 on maintenance at East Ward ES.

These costs include material and labor, both from KISD maintenance personnel and from contracted vendors when necessary.


Please provide a list of all special campuses with a brief outline of what that campus does and number of students there?

Click here for a listing of all special campuses and the number of students each campus serves by grade level.

Is it possible to fund for Art elementary instructors?

The district’s Maintenance and Operations budget (M&O), funds daily costs and recurring or consumable expenditures such as teacher and staff salaries, supplies, food, and utilities. The district’s Interest and Sinking budget (I&S), also known as Debt Service, is used to repay debt for longer-term capital improvements approved by voters through bond elections. I&S funds cannot by law be used to pay M&O expenses, which means that voter-approved bonds cannot be used to increase teacher salaries.


What are the operational costs (not including salaries) of older campuses versus new campuses by ratio per student?

Click here to see the FY2017 utility costs per student.

Click here to see the FY2017 general fund costs per student.



Meeting Two Questions


What would happen to West Ward and Fairway buildings after the East Ward is built?

The buildings would likely be repurposed, sold or decommissioned.


What is the plan for Gateway?

As presented as a potential option on Thursday, November 9th at the Bond Steering Committee meeting, the campus could be renovated and updated as one of the facility projects which is 50 years or older.


Could we add a window preview in the big KHS gym similar to Cove HS?

This could be considered if the project is included in the potential bond program and approved in the future.


Opportunity for the community (Committee) to walk through the campuses.

Yes, appropriate accommodations will need to be made at the campuses in an effort to minimize disruptions, but campus visits can be coordinated.


Scenario of tax rate increasing.

Please refer to the BSC Meeting 2 presentation from Nov. 9.


Can the football field at Ft. Hood be renovated and updated to serve district needs?

This option is currently under evaluation as a future possibility. The district works closely with Fort Hood collaboratively to explore costs sharing opportunities which benefit both entities while meeting the needs of our shareholders.


Economic study of district’s failing an election and returning with success?

Currently, a study of this nature has not been completed. Typically, when a district fails a bond election they return with a modified proposal consisting of either a smaller scope of work or different projects entirely.


Transportation costs to bus students to Fairway during construction / consolidation?

This would be contingent on the number of students and buses required. It would be a temporary additional expense that would need to be budgeted. This would be a necessary expense in order to improve instructional facilities going forward.


Working on an outdated campus, I am primarily concerned with the equity of resources and access of students zoned in older areas of Killeen. I have several interrelated questions: What are our initial plans for our older campuses that are past renovation phases that need to be rebuilt? For example, could the land from West Ward and old Fairway MS be combined to build a new elementary school for East Ward and West Ward Students? Will we build all new elementary schools only south of HWY 195? Could the older schools be torn down and new multi-story buildings be built? Our older schools don't have the real estate to expand as needed unless we consider building up. If the oldest schools were torn down or left vacant, how would that space be used? Thanks for your consideration of my questions and concerns.

The bond steering committee is currently reviewing and discussing various options and possibilities for our oldest campuses including consolidation, renovation, and new construction. One of the options under consideration is consolidation of East Ward and West Ward into a new campus built on the current East Ward site. For more information and a full list of potential options being considered for new and existing facilities, please review the presentation from Meeting 2.

We are currently working with one of the district’s architect to explore the potential projects further regarding the scheduling of projects, scope of work and preliminary costs along with the options we have for expanding our older facilities, such as multi-stories. This information will be provided to the bond steering committee at the next meeting to be held at the KISD Career Center on Thursday, November 16 at 6 p.m. , which is open to the public. We encourage you to attend to hear more information.


Why would we not just build 4 new on campus stadiums instead of one big football stadium?

This could potentially be an option to explore further. In order to build 3 stadiums comparable to Leo Buckley Stadium, the associated costs would likely pose a financial challenge. Additionally, each of the existing three high school sites would need to be carefully analyzed to determine if the stadiums could be expanded to accommodate patrons for Thursday and Friday night games. This would include analyzing adequate parking to support these events.


Do we spend more money on technology infrastructure for older buildings (e.g. over 50 years old) than we do for newer buildings?

As part of the District’s life cycle management of facilities and infrastructure, we replace networks and phones at regular intervals on a timetable that is equitable for all schools. As for cabling, schools that are 20 years old have the same mix of Cat5, Cat5e and Cat6 cabling as the 50 year old schools thanks to the annual cabling adds, moves and changes. Access points are installed in every classroom so newer campuses have the same density of access points as older ones. A combination of e-rate and local funds are used to help us maximize funding, and we do not treat a 50-year-old campus any different than newer ones. A 50-year-old campus is not more expensive than a campus like Mountain View or Reeces Creek with their new double cinder block walls. Challenges exist on older campuses that do not have facilities designed for modern learning environments and current safety codes, but we work hard to keep the infrastructure in good shape.


Is it possible to include a fund in the bond to provide seed money for life cycle replacement of technology items. For example projectors, document cameras, computers, large led televisions to be used as a projection device.

New KISD schools are turnkey and upon completion have all the technologies needed to begin school, including student-access computers, mobile labs, staff computers, classroom projectors and document cameras and more, as well as the necessary infrastructure to support modern learning environments. For existing campuses, KISD currently funds a 5-year life-cycle plan to manage campus computers and printers. Document cameras and projectors are purchased on an as-needed basis. Projectors were previously on a 6-year life cycle plan; however, increasing costs for the computer life-cycle have paused those efforts. Televisions are not part of the standard classroom projection package.


What is the cost savings to build one new campus to replace two older campuses?

Click here to view a cost savings analysis of combining two older campuses, such as East Ward and West Ward EL, in comparison to the operational cost of an elementary school of the same enrollment size.



Meeting Three Questions


How does the district decide on which architectural firm to use?

It often depends upon the type of project. Some architects specialize in new construction versus renovation, high school versus elementary school, etc. All firms must also submit qualifications on which they are evaluated and measured to determine who will deliver the best value and work for KISD.


Do you consider the cost of land in the project cost?

If the project is selected as a priority by the committee, the cost of the land will be factored in if the land is not already part of the District’s inventory. The new high school and middle school will be built on district-owned property. The elementary schools are yet to be determined. The total project cost will be adjusted accordingly.


How many square feet is the new high school cost based on?

375,000-425,000 sf.


Will the footprint of the new high school be like the other high schools?

If the project is selected to be apart of the bond proposal and the bond proposal is successful, the district would move forward in the design process to better define the needs and structure of spaces and programs.


What are the design considerations for a school within a school concept?

We would need to take a closer look at the needs and structure of those spaces in the future should the project receive approval. However, Smith MS was not originally designed for STEM programming (a school within a school). The concept did not happen until midway through construction and only minor modifications were required.


Is the HS cost a total turnkey cost?



Would the new high school STEM programming only be for students living in that area?

No, students throughout the District could apply.


How many new teachers would be required for the new high school?

We are projecting to open the campus with 1300 students and staffing to accommodate a student/teacher ratio of 23:1.  We would staff the campus accordingly with majority of staff members shifting from other campuses through a rezoning process. This also allows us to remove current teachers from portable classrooms being used at the current high school campuses. There will not be a need for all new staff members.


What ratio is typically used for number of students in a high school classroom?

23:1 is the average ratio used.


How would the M&O tax rate be impacted if new staff were hired for the new facilities?

Average Daily Attendance, the number of students attending the district, affects the state funding that KISD receives- the more students equals an increase in funding. The state funding helps to pay the salaries of district staff members.


What is the length of time for construction?

Elementary school:  12-18 months; Middle school: 18 months; and High school 36 months.


If you are planning for new elementary schools, do you know where you need to locate them?

Although no land has been purchased at this time for the future elementary schools general locations have been identified by the district that will serve well in terms of location and size.


Any plans for Chaparral Road to be improved?

KISD is currently in conversation with Bell County and City of Killeen regarding the outlook of the Chaparral corridor.


How many acres are needed for future facilities?

12-15 acres for elementary school; 30 acres for middle school; 60-65 acres for high school.


When does it make sense to utilize the older facilities as administrative offices?

We look at our instructional facilities needs first, which are of highest priority, however, much of it is contingent upon location of that facility and if it serves the effectively or efficiently.


If we renovate, will the facilities be equivalent to a new facility?

To the best of our ability, it will look new and we will make it as equivalent as possible.


Would Clifton Park be tied into the same 2021 timeframe?

A lot of it depends on how soon we can roll out projects and how saturated the construction market is.


For new structures & remodels, is solar energy feasible?

With all construction projects, the District evaluates energy efficiency options based on upfront costs and the anticipated timeline to realize a return on investment.  With solar energy in particular, the timeframe necessary for a return on investment does not justify the higher upfront costs to construct.  As costs for solar energy systems continue to decrease, the District will continue to evaluate the potential project cost impacts and the timeline for a return on investment.  Currently, the most cost effective means to reduce energy usage is to install high efficiency HVAC systems and construct a well-insulated and airtight building.

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